AS286 / KPN International Peering Policy
This document only applies to the KPN worldwide IP backbone AS286.
Meeting the peering guidelines presented in this document is not a
guarantee that a peering relationship with KPN will be established. KPN
shall evaluate a number of business factors and reserves the right not
to enter into a peering agreement with an otherwise qualified
- Aggregated exchanged traffic must be 5.0Gbs at least.
- Peering must be implemented in 4 geographically dispersed
locations (i.e. more than 250 miles apart) in both Europe and the US.
- Peering partner must operate a network of dedicated IP circuits
of at least multiple 10G or 100G in the US or in Europe.
- Peering must be worldwide if applicable. Peering in Europe
requires peering in US whenever possible.
- Peering with customers or customers of existing peering partners
is not possible.
- KPN may shutdown peering if peer is a customer or a customer of
existing peering partner.
- Peering may be shutdown if existing legs cannot stand 1 leg
- The ratio of the aggregate amount of traffic exchanged shall be
roughly balanced and shall not exceed 3:1.
- The peer must provide consistent routing announcements, i.e. the
same set of routes announced with the same autonomous system (“AS”)
path length at all peering locations.
- Interpretation of this Peering Policy and Resolution of any
disputes will be done according Dutch Law and the courts of Amsterdam
in the Netherlands
shall have exclusive jurisdiction.
Requesting peering to AS286
An ISP seeking peering should submit its request in writing via email
providing a brief description of its network including such information
- whether it has a single-country or regional network
- if regional, which countries are served
- in which exchange points the ISP has a presence
- a list of autonomous system numbers and prefixes served (AS macro/AS set)
- a description of the type of traffic carried by the network
Applications for peering should be submitted to
Applicants can also visit AS286 record at PeeringDB for an up-to-date list of contacts and
find some information about our network: http://as286.peeringdb.com/.
Changes to the peering policy and existing peerings
Existing peers of AS286 will have their peering status reviewed
periodically to ensure joint capacity planning and to ensure that all
to be met.
KPN reserves the right to terminate peering for convenience, upon a 3
months prior notice or with peers who do not meet the criteria
Periodic review of this policy will be conducted to ensure that the
criteria and eligibility requirements are consistent with KPN business
needs. KPN may modify this peering policy at any time.
KPN AS286 peering Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)
- KPN in no way condones or tolerates any forms of abuse on the
(AS286) or the Internet. KPN and its subsidiaries (collectively “KPN”)
have formulated this Acceptable Use Policy in order to encourage the
responsible use of KPN's networks, systems, services, web sites and
products (collectively “KPN's Network and Services”) by our peers, and
customer networks behind our peers, and to enable us to provide our
users with secure, reliable and productive services. This Acceptable
Use Policy is appropriate on all internet based services of KPN and is
applicable to peers and customer networks behind peers.
- KPN's Network and Services must be used in a manner that is
their intended purposes and may be used only for lawful purposes.
- KPN is not responsible for any material created or accessible on
KPN's Networks and Services that is not posted by or at the request of
KPN. KPN does not monitor nor exercise any editorial control over such
material, but reserves the right to do so to the extent permitted by
applicable law. KPN is not responsible for the content of any web sites
other than KPN’s web sites, including for the content of web sites
linked to such KPN's web sites. Links are provided as Internet
navigation tools only.
- KPN takes reasonable security measures to protect the proper
the KPN AS286 network against negative outside influences. However,
peers should not rely on such measures for the protection of its own
equipment and data.
- Peers are prohibited from violating or attempting to violate the
KPN's AS286 and customer's networks, including, without limitation, by:
KPN will investigate occurrences that may involve such violations and
involve, and cooperate with, law enforcement authorities in prosecuting
Users who are involved in such violations.
- Accessing data not intended for peer or logging into a server
or account which peer is not authorized to access;
- Attempting to probe, scan or test the vulnerability of a system
network or to breach security or authentication measures without proper
to interfere with, disrupt or disable service to any user,
host or network, including, without limitation, via means of
overloading, “flooding”, “mail bombing” “crashing” or any other form
(but not limited to) of “(Distributed) Denial of Service Attack”;
any action in order to obtain services to which peer is not
entitled. Violations of system or network security may result in civil
or criminal liability.
shall not be liable for any damages of any nature suffered by any peer
or any third party resulting in whole or in part from KPN’s exercise of
its rights under these policies. KPN reserves the right to modify this
Acceptable Use Policy at any time in its sole and absolute discretion.
transmitted data may only be used by the peer for their own operational
purposes, e.g. network management, billing or determining abusive
peer shall, in particular, comply with the provisions set out by Data
Protection legislation, the provisions of Protection of Privacy and
party shall be liable for the content of information which the
transmitting party or any third party accountable to it transmits to
the other party or which the receiving party lets proceed through the
other party. Liability for the content shall be based exclusively on
the applicable legal regulations.
AUP enforcement and notice
Peer's failure to observe the guidelines set forth in this AUP may
KPN taking actions anywhere from a warning to a suspension or
termination of peering.
feasible, KPN may provide peer with a notice of an AUP violation via
e-mail or otherwise allowing the peer to promptly correct such
the right, however, to act immediately and without notice to suspend or
terminate affected peering sessions.
complaints (other than claims of copyright or trademark infringement)
regarding violation of this AUP by a KPN peer (or its customer) should
be directed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
possible, include details that would assist KPN in investigating and
resolving such complaint (e.g. IP address(s), a copy of the offending
transmission and any log files).